Requirements were to examine the data searching for adjacent cells to the right or below and identify cases where the value decreased. An "A" is used in the output data set to signify an issue going across. A "D" signifies a downward violation while a "B" means there were issues going both across and down.
In order to read ahead, I created the test2 data set and added an extra blank row since firstobs = 2 to ensure all data from test gets read in. Arrays are used to generically compare the values and write out any offending values.
data test test2 ( rename = ( x1 = y1 x2 = y2 x3 = y3 x4 = y4 x5 = y5 ) ) ; infile datalines eof = onemore ; input x1 - x5; output ; return ; onemore: call missing( of _all_ ) ; output test2 ; return ; datalines; 1 2 3 4 5 1 1 1 2 1 4 3 3 2 1 5 4 3 1 2 1 0 1 0 2 ; run ; data results( keep = ac: ) ; set test ( firstobs = 1 ) nobs = nobs ; set test2 ( firstobs = 2 ) ; array aa[ * ] x: ; array ab[ * ] y: ; array ac[ * ] $1 ac1 - ac5 ; do i = 1 to dim( aa ) ; if i < dim( aa ) then do ; if aa[ i ] > aa[ i + 1 ] then ac[ i ] = "A" ; end ; if _n_ < nobs then do ; if aa[ i ] > ab[ i ] then do ; if missing( ac[ i ] ) then ac[ i ] = "D" ; else ac[ i ] = "B" ; end ; end ; end ; run ;