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Friday, April 22, 2016

SQL Pass-Through Derived Table Join to SAS dataset

I have used the SAS/Access Interface to OLE DB for years. In the past I would capture data from a relational database management system (RDBMS) into a SAS data set and then join that remote data to a local SAS data set using another proc or data step.

Having to read the data more than once seemed inefficient, so I attempted to reference the pass-through data as a derived table (aka in-line view) and join that data directly to a SAS data set. Sure enough, as the below code using SQL Server Express shows this can be done.

In the simplified example below, a SAS data set named SASCAT is created containing the groupname and an abbreviated name (abbrname). After that, an OLEDB connection is made to the freely downloadable SQL Server Express database.

The derived table consists of the SQL statements contained between the parenthesis starting with the FROM CONNNECTION TO OLEDB keywords. That derived table is referenced as SQL which is then joined to the SAS data set sascat which is referenced as SAS and combined as an inner join using the ON clause.

%macro dbconnect( server= ) ;
  /* DSN-less OLEDB connection */
  connect to oledb
   (init="Provider=SQLNCLI11;Integrated Security=SSPI;Data Source=&server.") ;
%mend ;

%macro dbdisconnect() ;
  disconnect from oledb ;
  %if &sysdbrc ne 0 %then %put %str(E)RROR: %superq( sysdbmsg ) ;
%mend ;

data sascat ;
  input 
    groupname & $50.
    abbrname  : $4. ;
  datalines ;
  Executive General and Administration  Exec
  Inventory Management  Imgt
  Manufacturing  Mfg
  Quality Assurance  QA
  ;
run ;

proc sql ;
  %dbconnect( server = localhost\SQLExpress ) 
    create table results as
      select        sas.abbrname
                  , sql.count

      from          connection to oledb
      (
        select      groupname
                  , count( groupname ) as count
        from        adventureworks2014.humanresources.department 
        group by    groupname
        ;
      ) sql

      join          work.sascat sas
        on          sql.groupname = sas.groupname 
    ;
  %dbdisconnect()
quit ;

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